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The following information regards the injecting or banding of haemorrhoids. However, if you require further details please ask your consultant.
Haemorrhoids are a common condition, often referred to as piles. They are characterised by soft swellings of flesh in and around the rectum and the anus. They might itch and can bleed during a bowel movement but generally do not cause any pain or pose a serious threat. However, sometimes they can pass outside the body. This is known as a prolapsed pile and can hang from the back passage or feel like a lump (see figure 1).
Haemorrhoids in the anal canal
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Haemorrhoids develop due to enlarged blood vessels around the anus. This could be hereditary or due to obesity, constipation, diarrhoea, age, prolonged sitting down and pregnancy.
Both of these treatments will cause haemorrhoids to decrease in size and symptoms to disappear.
Lifestyle changes such as increasing fluid intake and eating a fibre rich diet can make a difference. If the haemorrhoids do not respond then injecting or banding can be effective. If unsuccessful, surgery may be recommended.
An examination of the rectum and lower bowel will be conducted, using a small telescope.
The surgeon will inject a substance called phenol into the area near the haemorrhoid. This should block the blood supply and cause it to decrease in size.
Using a telescopic device, the surgeon can position a silicon band onto the lining of the anal canal, blocking the blood vessels which supply the haemorrhoid. With this shut off, it should shrink.
Any risks or complications will be discussed in advance of your treatment with your expert consultant.
You can return home on the same day, after either of these procedures. It is important to be aware that haemorrhoids can come back, but you can minimise this risk by eating more fibre and increasing your fluid intake. Regular exercise is also recommended to speed up the healing process. However, please ensure you discuss this with your consultant before you start.
References: EIDO Healthcare Limited - The operation information on this website is produced using information from EIDO Healthcare Ltd and is licensed by Aspen Healthcare.
The information should not replace advice that your relevant health professional would give you.