The following document provides information about the haemorrhoidectomy procedure. If you require further details, you should contact your consultant. Haemorrhoids are a common medical condition. If they do not respond to non-surgical treatment then surgery can be an effective option.

What is a haemorrihoidectomy?

Haemorrhoids are also commonly known as piles. They are fleshy, soft bumps that develop just inside your anus and frequently bleed during bowel movements. Over time, they can become larger and can pass out through the anus – you might be able to feel the bumps protruding (see figure 1). Although haemorrhoids are generally not painful, they can be itchy. They can be hereditary, grow worse during pregnancy or appear as an effect of constipation.

How are haemorrhoids treated?

There are numerous ways to treat haemorrhoids. Lifestyle changes such as introducing more fibre and fluids into your diet can often make a difference. If this does not work, local treatments such as injecting or banding the haemorrhoids can often be successful. In certain cases, surgery might be the most effective way to remove the haemorrhoids and relieve the related symptoms.

What happens during a haemorrhoidectomy?

A general anaesthetic will be administered and you can expect the procedure to take roughly 20 minutes. The haemorrhoids will be snipped away or removed with a staple gun.

Risks and complications

Any risks or complications will be discussed in advance of your treatment with your expert consultant.

How long will it take to heal?

Most patients go home after the procedure, on the same day, although it may take several weeks to heal fully. If the staple gun method was used, then there will be no open wounds to heal. Sometimes haemorrhoids can recur. It is possible to aid recovery by consuming plenty of fibre along with lots of fluids to avoid constipation. Exercising is also useful during the recovery process but seek advice from your consultant before you begin.