Male circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin. The foreskin is the fold of skin covering the end of the penis, which can be gently pulled back.

Circumcisions are performed when a patient’s foreskin is too tight, making it difficult to pass urine or maintain personal hygiene.

Usually performed under general anaesthetic, circumcision is a relatively simple procedure. The foreskin is removed with a scalpel, scissors or a surgical clamp. Any bleeding is cauterised (closed using heat) and the edges of skin stitched together using dissolvable stitches.

After circumcision, there may be some pain and swelling, and the penis will be easily irritated until it heals. The healing process can take up to 4 to 6 weeks.